According to current reports, the Corona disease also known as COVID 19 which Is caused by SARS-coV-2 is ravaging the world, and causing the global economy to shut down. The disease which was said to have originated from a seafood market in china where wildlife is sold illegally has infected thousands around the world. The WHO declared the disease an international public health emergency in March 2020.
The disease is an aftermath of being infected with the virus SARS-CoV-2 which triggers the deadly respiratory disease called Covid-19, an illness that presents with three main acute symptoms: fever, a deep, dry cough and shortness of breath and is life-threatening. Coronavirus disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze. It also spreads when a person touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth.
The disease which originated in the city of Wuhan, China recorded its first set of cases in November 2019 as a result, a comprehensive set of interventions, including aggressive case and contact identification, isolation and management, and extreme social distancing, have been implemented to interrupt the chains of transmission nationwide.
The First Stage In China: The first stage During the early stage of the outbreak, the main strategy focused on preventing the exportation of cases from Wuhan and other priority areas of Hubei Province, and preventing the importation of cases by other provinces; the overall aim was to control the source of infection, block transmission and prevent further spread. Protocols for COVID-19 diagnosis and 15 treatment, surveillance, epidemiological investigation, management of close contacts, and laboratory testing were formulated, and relevant surveillance activities and epidemiological investigations conducted. Diagnostic testing kits were developed, and wildlife and live poultry markets were placed under strict supervision and control measures.
The Second Stage: During the second stage of the outbreak, the main strategy was to reduce the intensity of the epidemic and to slow down the increase in cases. In Wuhan and other priority areas of Hubei Province, the focus was on actively treating patients, reducing deaths, and preventing exportations. In other provinces, the focus was on preventing importations, curbing the spread of the disease, and implementing joint prevention and control measures. Nationally, wildlife markets were closed and wildlife captive-breeding facilities were cordoned off.
The third stage: The third stage of the outbreak focused on reducing clusters of cases, thoroughly controlling the epidemic, and striking a balance between epidemic prevention and control, sustainable economic and social development, the unified command, standardized guidance, and scientific evidence-based policy implementation. For Wuhan and other priority areas of Hubei Province, the focus was on patient treatment and the interruption of transmission, with an emphasis on concrete steps to fully implement relevant measures for the testing, admitting and treating of all patients.
The disease usually has an incubation period of about 1-14 days, Reports shows that about 80% of the cases reported in china were mild cases and showed the following symptoms at different days.