Tendons are made up of fibrous tissue and connect muscles to bones. Tendonitis is inflammation of tendon due to overuse. A stretching or tearing of the tendon is referred to as a strain. A strain is a muscle or tendon injury.
Ligaments are fibrous tissue that connect bone to bone. They are less flexible than tendons. The function of ligament is to restrict the joint movement within normal parameters. When a ligament is over stretched or torn it is called a sprain. Since ligament don't have a vascular system, they may take long time to repair or may never return to their original length l. This can cause abnormal joint movement and even cartilage and bone wear due to this unrestricted movement.
First Aid Management/Treatment of sprain and Strains
Strain and sprain can be treated at home with the Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. (RICE)
2. Apply Ice for no longer than 20 mins at a time every 2 hours
3. Apply compression above, on and below the injury.
3. Elevate the injury above the heart
If pain continues to be severe please see a Doctor.