If you have diabetes, you already know that it is important to monitor blood sugar levels (or blood glucose levels). You have to keep those concentrations stable. Having an excessive concentration of blood sugar can make you feel fatal, and if you have it often, it can be very bad for your health.
What does having excess blood sugar consist of?
Blood glucose concentration is the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is a sugar that comes from the food we eat, and it is also formed and stored within the body. It is the main source of energy for our body's cells, and it is transported to each and every one of those cells through the bloodstream.
Hyperglycemia is the medical word used to refer to high concentrations of blood sugar. Hyperglycemia occurs when the body cannot make insulin (type 1 diabetes) or when it does not respond adequately to insulin (type 2 diabetes). The body needs insulin so that the glucose in the blood can enter the body's cells, which use it as an energy source. In people who have developed diabetes, glucose builds up in the blood, causing hyperglycemia.
Having too much sugar in the blood for long periods of time can cause serious health problems if left untreated. Hyperglycemia can damage the blood vessels that carry blood to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and neurological problems. These problems do not usually affect children or adolescents who have had diabetes for a few years. But they can appear in the adult stage in some people with diabetes, especially if their disease has not been treated or controlled well.
Blood sugar concentrations are considered high when they are above the reference ranges considered normal. The medical team that manages your diabetes will indicate what those margins are in your specific case.
What are the causes of high blood sugar concentrations?
Controlling diabetes is like triple juggling because you have to keep the following three things in mind:
the medications you take (insulin and / or diabetes pills)
the food you eat
how much exercise do you do
These three things must be well balanced. If any of them decomposes, the same can happen with your blood sugar concentration. Usually, an excess of blood sugar can be caused by:
not taking your diabetes medications when you should be taking them or not taking them in the proper doses
not following your diabetes eating plan correctly (such as overeating on a special occasion without adjusting the dosages of diabetes medications)
not doing enough physical exercise
have a disease like the flu
taking other types of medications that affect the effects of diabetes medications.
Having a high blood sugar concentration in isolation is usually not cause for alarm; It is something that happens from time to time to everyone who has diabetes. But, if you have a lot of hyperglycemia, explain it to your parents and the medical team that manages your diabetes. Your insulin doses or your meal plan may need to be changed, or you may have a problem with your medication delivery kit, such as an insulin pump that is not working well. In either case, be sure to ask for help normalizing your blood sugar concentration.
What are the signs and symptoms of high blood sugar concentration?
Signs of hyperglycemia include:
Urinating a lot: the kidneys work by expelling the excess glucose through the urine. People with hyperglycemia need to pee more often and in larger amounts.
Drinking a lot: Because a lot of fluid is being lost through peeing, you are usually very thirsty.
Losing weight despite not losing your appetite: If there is not enough insulin to help the body use glucose, it will have to break down muscle and stored fat in an attempt to fuel the hungry cells.
Being depleted: Since the body cannot properly use glucose as an energy source, the person may feel unusually tired.
How is hyperglycemia treated?
To treat hyperglycemia, you first need to know what caused it. The medical team that manages your diabetes will give you specific recommendations to keep blood sugar levels within healthy ranges. But there are ways to manage the main causes of hyperglycemia: